The United States had a trade surplus with NAFTA countries of $28.3 billion for services in 2009 and a trade deficit of $94.6 billion (an annual increase of 36.4%) for goods in 2010. This trade deficit accounted for 26.8% of the total U.S. trade deficit in goods.  A 2018 study on global trade published by the Center for International Relations identified irregularities in the trade models of the NAFTA ecosystem using theoretical network analysis techniques. The study showed that the US trade balance was affected by opportunities for tax evasion in Ireland.  Food prices have fallen because NAFTA has reduced the cost of products imported from Mexico and Canada. While this means less demand for U.S. agricultural products, there is a strong demand for lower food prices as food becomes more expensive each year. According to political scientist Daniel W. Drezner of Tufts University is ill-advised by the Trump administration`s desire to bring relations with Mexico back to the pre-NAFTA era. Drezner argued that NAFTA has made it easier for Mexico to transform itself into a true democracy and become a country that considers itself a North American. If Trump responds to many of the threats he has made against Mexico, it is not inconceivable that Mexicans would turn to left-wing populist strongmen, as several South American countries have done. At the very least, U.S.-Mexico relations would deteriorate, undermining cooperation on border security, counterterrorism, war on drugs operations, deportations, and migration management in Central America.
 Groups such as CAPE have addressed this concern and called for NAFTA renegotiations to include health, environmental, social and cultural impact assessments. “Now that climate is finally at the forefront of everyone, we need to act,” said Dr Howard. CAPE`s Howard hopes NAFTA 2.0 will receive a full analysis from the canadian government and the public before it is ratified: “The more experts who review the text and have the opportunity to provide feedback, the better. There is always the possibility that we get positive thoughts in the text before everything is said and done. Many of the real problems underlying free trade agreements are due to a lack of external and public participation and awareness. NAFTA covers services other than air, marine and basic telecommunications. The agreement also provides for the protection of intellectual property rights in various areas, including patents, trademarks and copyrighted material. NAFTA`s government procurement regulations apply not only to goods, but also to service and construction contracts at the federal level. In addition, U.S. investors are guaranteed equal treatment with domestic investors in Mexico and Canada. The treaty itself contains provisions to maintain and enforce existing U.S.
health, safety, and environmental standards, as well as the U.S.`s international treaty obligations to limit trade in controlled products such as endangered species. NAFTA also explicitly supports the principle of sustainable development. After the election of President Trump in 2016, support for NAFTA became highly polarized between Republicans and Democrats. Donald Trump has made negative comments about NAFTA, calling it “the worst trade deal ever approved in this country.”  Republican support for NAFTA increased from 43% in 2008 to 34% in 2017. Meanwhile, democratic support for NAFTA increased from 41% in 2008 to 71% in 2017.  A study published in the August 2008 issue of the American Journal of Agricultural Economics found that NAFTA increased U.S. agricultural exports to Mexico and Canada, even though most of the increase occurred a decade after its ratification. The study focused on the impact that progressive periods of “phased implementation” of regional trade agreements, including NAFTA, have on trade flows. Most of the increase in Members` agricultural trade, which only recently fell under the jurisdiction of the World Trade Organization, was due to very high barriers to trade prior to NAFTA or other regional trade agreements.  An editorial in The Globe and Mail in Toronto in October 2017 asked if the U.S. wanted to renegotiate the deal or whether it planned to move away from it no matter what, noting that new U.S. Ambassador Kelly Knight Craft had worked with the owner of Alliance Resource Partners, a large U.S.
coal-fired power plant. is married. Canada is implementing a carbon plan, and there is also the issue of the sale of bomber aircraft. “Americans inserted so many poison pills into last week`s talks in Washington that they should have been charged with murder,” columnist John Ibbitson wrote.  The political divide was particularly broad with respect to views on free trade with Mexico. Contrary to a positive view of free trade with Canada, which 79% of Americans described as a fair trading partner, only 47% of Americans believed Mexico was doing fair trade. The gap between Democrats and Republicans has widened: 60 percent of Democrats thought Mexico was doing fair trade, while only 28 percent of Republicans were doing so. It was the highest level of Democrats and the lowest level of Republicans ever recorded by the Chicago Council Survey. The Republicans had a more negative view of Canada as a fair trading partner than the Democrats.  Tom Russo, president and founder of Russo on Energy LLC and former director and senior energy industry analyst at the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), cites a hypothetical example to show how NAFTA could have completely unintended but positive effects on the environment: “Mexico is currently working to green its energy market by replacing coal-fired power plants with cheap U.S.
natural gas and Abundant, this is due to pipelines already extended and expanding. .